The employment of dating applications: a surfacing possibilities factor in intimate fitness

The employment of internet dating applications is recognized as one factor causing the quick spread of STIs, like HIV [20, 21]. In Hong Kong, it has been reported that it is not uncommon for dating apps to be employed in search of sexual activities [22]. A written report additionally said that variety of online dating applications enjoys made worse the issue of recreational medication usage during intimate contexts (usually ‘chemsex’) [23]. Plus, there’s been a substantial rise in police research of sexual assaults and physical violence about internet dating application used in great britain [24]. Several empirical research has explored the connection between matchmaking app usage and high-risk sexual behaviours [25, 26].

a methodical assessment summarising 13 reports about utilization of dating software and linked risky sexual habits on the list of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender populations, which discovered that internet dating app customers tended to take part in more high-risk sexual behaviors than nonusers, like having sexual intercourse with multiple partners and engaging in condomless anal intercourse [26]. This assessment affirms the need to market safe intercourse and good sexual wellness communications to dating app people. Research ended up being carried out among institution college students in Hong-Kong discovered that matchmaking software users happened to be inclined than nonusers to own numerous intimate partners and condomless sex with increased sexual couples, incorporate condoms inconsistently, engage in relaxed sex, and intimate misuse [27,28,29]. Another learn on MSM internet dating software consumers in Hong Kong found that about 30% of individuals had have more than three intimate lovers, 25percent have engaged in condomless rectal intercourse with everyday partners, 20per cent got had condomless rectal intercourse with internal ejaculation, 15% have utilized alcoholic drinks in conjunction with gender before a few months, 13per cent got have cluster gender, 8per cent have got chemsex [30]. These alarming results show the urgent need for treatments to motivate better and secure sexual health in Hong-Kong matchmaking application users.

Effectiveness, feasibility and acceptability of entertaining online interventions

A Cochrane report on entertaining computer-based treatments (ICBIs) aimed towards sexual fitness advertisement figured ICBIs work well for learning about sexual wellness [31]. ‘Interactive input’ means intervention comprising parts that want individual contributions (e.g. finishing information assessments, entering personal data and generating choices) to generate designed content and suggestions this is certainly really strongly related people [32]. Moreover, ICBIs are also reported to exert positive effects on self-efficacy, safe sex objective and intimate behaviours [31]. A systematic review shown that computer-based treatments work in growing condom utilize and minimizing sexual intercourse plus the quantity of intimate partners [33]. Another methodical evaluation on HIV protection inside the MSM populace advised eHealth treatments (such as web-based interventions) to cut back HIV hazard behaviours [34].

Web-based treatments offer a few strengths. Very first, sexual health is recognized as an embarrassing and taboo topic in Chinese tradition, and web-based treatments manage better anonymity and privacy than many other interventions. Second, members can access this type of treatments at their convenience. Third, really simple for internet treatments to report the volume and duration of intervention access. Next, internet programs improve information collection. Fifth, academic material on the internet can easily be up-to-date. Ultimately, the dissemination of internet interventions is fast and relatively inexpensive. With respect to acceptability, one learn discovered that 70per cent of MSM matchmaking app people had been willing to take part in a computer-based intimate wellness input [35]. Consequently, a web-based intervention is advised your recommended study.

Recommended theoretical platform: principle of planned behavior

In line with the idea of in the pipeline conduct (TPB), behavior is mainly based on intention and thought regulation [36], and thinking, thought of norms and behavioural controls tend to be theorised to foresee purpose. A meta-analysis reported that theory-based treatments built to decrease high-risk intimate behaviours are more successful than others without a theoretical model [37]. Per various research and meta-analyses, the TPB is an excellent and appropriate design for forecasting sexual behaviours [38, 39]. For example, a meta-analysis of 96 datasets recognized making use of the TPB to anticipate future condom usage [39]. Also, an even more current meta-analysis of 8 scientific studies (2 cross-sectional scientific studies and 6 prospective researches) printed in 2016 suggested that the TPB was a useful unit for discussing condom utilize conduct among MSM [38]. The findings for this meta-analysis claim that the TPB construct interactions tend to be powerful whenever placed on condom incorporate among MSM [38]. Another meta-analysis of 35 intervention studies in addition backed the TPB’s incorporate as a theoretical framework for creating treatments to change sexual possibility behaviours [40]. For that reason, the TPB is recommended with this study.

Aims and targets

The goal of this study is evaluate the results from the entertaining internet input in improving intimate health of matchmaking applications customers. Their three certain targets include: (i) to decrease high-risk intimate behaviors (regularity of condomless anal intercourse, group gender and chemsex); (ii) to improve people’ self-efficacy in and perceptions towards condom utilize; and (iii) to increase the frequency of HIV and STI tests.


It’s hypothesised that, guys receiving the internet intervention will display (i) fewer high-risk intimate behaviors, (ii) best efficacy in and good attitudes towards condom use, and (iii) considerably HIV and STI assessment, in comparison to men not receiving the internet intervention.